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World J Mens Health. 2018 Jan;36(1):73-78. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5534/wjmh.17029
Kim JW , Bae YD , Ahn ST , Kim JW , Kim JJ , Moon DG .
Department of Urology, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. dgmoon@korea.ac.kr
Institute of Regenerative Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Urology, Chung-Ang University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

In epidemiological studies, there are various associations of androgen receptor (AR) CAG with several diseases or phenotypes. However, the relationship between CAG repeat length and metabolic syndrome (MS) remains unclear, especially in Asian populations. This study was designed to evaluate the relationship between AR CAG repeat length polymorphism and MS in a Korean male population.

Materials and Methods

We explored the relationship between AR CAG repeat length polymorphism and MS in a Korean male population (n=337) from 2013 to 2014. AR CAG repeat were determined by microsatellite fragment sizing. Components of MS and laboratory data (lipid profile, fasting glucose, and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c)) were analyzed with AR CAG repeat length.

Results

The mean AR CAG repeat length was 22.3±4.7. Sixty-nine men (20.5%) were diagnosed with MS. Men with MS showed significantly longer AR CAG repeat lengths compared with men without MS (26.2 vs. 21.4, p < 0.001). With increasing CAG repeat, the number of components meeting the NCEP criteria increased significantly. AR CAG repeat length was associated significantly with high density lipoprotein (HDL), triglyceride, and HbA1c levels. In the multivariate analysis, CAG repeat length, waist circumference, and levels of HDL were independently associated with MS. (odds ratio (OR)=1.37, 1.19 and 0.90, p < 0.001, 0.045, and 0.001, respectively).

Conclusions

AR CAG repeat length was associated with MS and laboratory test results, such as those for HDL, triglycerides, and HbA1c, in Korean males. Longer CAG repeat length was identified as a risk factor for MS in Korean males.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.