Journal Browser Advanced Search Help
Journal Browser Advanced search HELP
World J Mens Health. 2018 Jan;36(1):41-49. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5534/wjmh.17028
Ryu SY , Choi YJ , Park SY , Kim JY , Kim YD , Kim YW .
Department of Internal Medicine, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Department of Physiology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea. ywkim@med.yu.ac.kr
Department of Otolaryngology, Yeungnam University College of Medicine, Daegu, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

High-fat (HF) feeding induces hypothalamic leptin resistance via the activation of toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4). TLR4 deficiency confers resistance to diet-induced obesity. Udenafil, an anti-impotence drug, inhibits TLR4 in airway epithelial cells in vitro. In this study, we evaluated whether udenafil suppressed the hypothalamic expression of TLR4 and reduced body weight.

Materials and Methods

The hypothalamic expression of TLR4, phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), and myeloid differentiation primary response gene 88 (Myd88) was analyzed by real-time polymerase chain reaction after treating mice for 2 days with udenafil (0, 12, 120, or 600 µg/d). Furthermore, the hypothalamic expression of TLR4, pro-opiomelanocortin (POMC), and neuropeptide Y (NPY) was analyzed after 9 days' treatment with udenafil and/or leptin. We also measured body weight and food intake following 9 days of udenafil and/or leptin treatment in control- and HF-fed mice.

Results

Udenafil suppressed hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA expression dose-dependently. The changes were associated with decreased PDE5, NF-κB, and Myd88 expression. Udenafil treatment for 9 days reduced body weight and caloric intake in HF-fed mice. This may have been associated with the suppression of NPY expression that was elevated by HF feeding. POMC expression was not affected by udenafil. However, udenafil did not augment the effects of leptin on the reduction of body weight and caloric intake in HF-fed mice.

Conclusions

These results suggested that udenafil reduced body weight by suppressing hypothalamic TLR4 mRNA expression in HF-fed mice and the combination effect of udenafil and leptin was additive rather than synergistic.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.