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Ultrasonography. 2015 Apr;34(2):98-108. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.14366/usg.14063
Tsang AC , Lai SS , Chung WC , Tang AY , Leung GK , Poon AK , Yu AC , Chow KW .
Department of Surgery, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong.
Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. kwchow@hku.hk
Abstract

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to validate a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of flow-diverter treatment through Doppler ultrasonography measurements in patient-specific models of intracranial bifurcation and side-wall aneurysms. METHODS: Computational and physical models of patient-specific bifurcation and sidewall aneurysms were constructed from computed tomography angiography with use of stereolithography, a three-dimensional printing technology. Flow dynamics parameters before and after flow-diverter treatment were measured with pulse-wave and color Doppler ultrasonography, and then compared with CFD simulations. RESULTS: CFD simulations showed drastic flow reduction after flow-diverter treatment in both aneurysms. The mean volume flow rate decreased by 90% and 85% for the bifurcation aneurysm and the side-wall aneurysm, respectively. Velocity contour plots from computer simulations before and after flow diversion closely resembled the patterns obtained by color Doppler ultrasonography. CONCLUSION: The CFD estimation of flow reduction in aneurysms treated with a flow-diverting stent was verified by Doppler ultrasonography in patient-specific phantom models of bifurcation and side-wall aneurysms. The combination of CFD and ultrasonography may constitute a feasible and reliable technique in studying the treatment of intracranial aneurysms with flow-diverting stents.

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