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J Korean Neurol Assoc. 2007 Feb;25(1):123-125. Korean. Case Report.
Yoo SH , Minn YK , Yun SH , Hong YJ , Moon CO , Kim SY , Cho SJ , Kwon KH .
Department of Neurology, Hallym University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Shigellosis is an acute inflammatory colitis by infection to one of the members of the genus Shigella. It is known that various CNS symptoms including headache and seizure can develop with shigellosis. Encephalopathy with severe brain edema in shigellosis were rarely reported even in children as well as in adults. We report a rare case of acute encephalopathy with shigellosis showing severe diffuse brain edema which resolved rapidly with administration of steroids in an adult.

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