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J Pathol Transl Med. 2018 Mar;52(2):110-120. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4132/jptm.2018.01.17
Han K , Ha HJ , Kong JS , Kim JS , Myung JK , Koh JS , Park S , Shin MS , Song WT , Seol HS , Lee SS .
Department of Pathology, Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Seoul, Korea.
Laboratory of Radiation Pathology, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences (KIRAMS), Seoul, Korea. sslee@kirams.re.kr
Abstract

Background

It is difficult to correctly diagnose follicular neoplasms (FNs) on fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) because it shares many cytological features with other mimicking lesions. The aim of this study was to identify the cytological features that differentiate FNs from mimicking lesions.

Methods

We included the cytological slides from 116 cases of thyroid FN diagnosed on FNAC, and included their subsequent histological diagnoses. We evaluated the cytological architectural pattern and nuclear features of the lesions according to their histological groups.

Results

The final histological diagnoses of the 116 cases varied, and included 51 FNs (44%), 47 papillary thyroid carcinomas (40%) including follicular variant, and seventeen cellular nodular hyperplasias (15%). Regardless of the final histological diagnosis, microfollicular pattern was observed in most cases. On the other hand, trabecular pattern was identified in 34% of FNs, but not in any other lesions. Additionally, elongated nuclei and ground glass chromatin were found in only some papillary thyroid carcinomas.

Conclusions

This study shows that the trabecular pattern is a representative cytological feature of FNs that can be used to distinguish FNs from mimicking lesions. In addition, nuclear shape and chromatin pattern can be used to further confirm the diagnosis of FNs from mimicking lesions through FNAC.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.