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Arch Aesthetic Plast Surg. 2017 Oct;23(3):155-158. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.14730/aaps.2017.23.3.155
Kim UG , Kim CH , Kwon KS , Hwang E .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Bundang CHA Medical Center, CHA University School of Medicine, Seongnam, Korea. pshwang@chamc.co.kr
Abstract

Facial dimple creation is a simple surgical procedure. Nonetheless, several complications can occur. Actinomycosis is a rare chronic granulomatous infection caused by Actinomyces species. Some conditions that can cause actinomycosis are trauma, oral surgery, and poor dental hygiene. We report a case of actinomycosis that developed on a created facial dimple. A 51-year-old woman presented with a palpable mass on her left cheek that was approximately 1 cm in size. She had undergone facial dimple-creating surgery on both perioral areas at a local clinic 12 years previously. She had not experienced any problems until she was diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes mellitus about 2 years previously, for which she took leflunomide and methotrexate. The mass was completely excised through an intraoral approach. The specimen was grossly described as a gray-yellow cystic mass containing non-absorbable suture material. The filamentous nature of the Actinomyces organisms was observed in dark-stained foci on a histologic examination, confirming the diagnosis of actinomycosis. Indwelling non-absorbable suture materials may increase the risk for opportunistic infections, such as actinomycosis, in immunocompromised patients. Therefore, plastic surgeons should be aware of a patient's general hygiene, immune condition, and medical history when using these materials.

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