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J Nurs Acad Soc. 1997 Mar;27(1):36-48. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jnas.1997.27.1.36
Sung KW .
Department of Nursing, Taegu Junior College Taegu, Korea. rich@healthis.org
Abstract

This survey was performed to evaluate and come pare cognitive function, self-esteem and depression in the elderly related to aging. The data were collected from 200 elders in eight homes for the elderly in Taegu. Data collection was done from June 1 to 31, 1996. The scale used to measure cognitive function was the MMSE-K(Mini-Mental State Examination-Korea), Self-esteem was measured using Rosenberg's self-esteem scale and depression using SDS(Self-rating Depression Scale). A comparison of cognitive function, self-esteem and depression by aging were summarized as follows : 1. There were significant differences on the cognitive function score in the elderly according to age group(F=24.81, P<.01). 2. There were significant differences on the self-esteem score in the elderly according to age group(F=3.84, P<.5). 3. There were significant differences on the depression score in the elderly according to age group(F=5.90, P<.1). 4. The general characteristics which affected the cognitive function scores of the elders were sex(F=8.45, P<.5), educational level(F=8.86, P<.5), spousing(F=34.59, P<.01), and the perception of health(F=4.63, P<.5). 5. The general characteristic which affected the self-esteem scores of the elders was the perception of health(F=3.81, P<.5). 6. The general characteristic which affected the depression scores was the educational level(F=3.96, P<.5).

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