This study had been attempted to set up the strategies of the nursing which can promote the activity performance for early rehabilitation for the patients by examining the effect of the structured patient education on the early rehabilitation knowledge and activity performance of the C.V.A. patients. The study method had been done by investigating the experiment group and control group in advance through the question papers and interview and observation on 65 patients who had been hospitalized at oriental medicine hospital of K Medical Center form July 1st 1995 to the end of Sep, 1995. The analysis of the collected material had been done for the homogeneity test in which general characters of experiment group and control group had been tested by x2 and the homogeneity test of ADL by t-test. To test the hypothesis the t-test had been given for the difference of the early rehabilitation knowledge and activity performance between the two groups and the correlation between early rehabilitation knowledge and activity performance had been tested by Pearson's Correlation Coefficient. The result of the test of the hypothesis is as the below. 1. The 1st hypothesis "The experiment group which had received the structured education should be higher in the early rehabilitation knowledge than the control group" was supported(t=4.45, p=.000). 2. The 2nd hypothesis "The experiment group which received the structured education should be higher in the early rehabilitation activity performance than the control group" was supported(t=2.11, p=.036). 3. The 3rd hypothesis "The higher the early rehabilitation knowledge of the patient the higher the activity performance degree" was rejected(r=.1546, p=.219). In conclusion, the patients who received the structured showed the increase in the degree of early rehabilitation knowledge and activity performance so, it had been judged that education had been prerequisite in increasing the knowledge and activity performance of early rehabilitation.