The organization of nursing department Significantly effects the hospital management. Especially, The head nurse in one of the most important position because head nurse is a first-line manager in the hospital level, a middle manager in nursing service organizations level and the top manager in each nursing unit level. This study was attempted to show the ideal model and rule compare head nurses' role perception with staff nurses' role expectation according to two types of hospital. The survey was conducted among 94 head nurses and 233 staff nurses who are working at 5 different University Hospitals over 600 beds and 93 head nurses and 218 staff nurses Who are working at 12 different General Hospitals between 100~300 beds in Seoul. The data was collected in a period from 8th September to 13th October in 1989 and the instrument used for this study was based on Han's one and referred back to many literary sources and revised. The collected data was analysed by computer using S.P.S.S. program as a Mean, Percentage, Cronbach's alpha, Chi-Square, t-test and ANOVA. 1. The study was compared to the difference of the two subject group's general characteristics according to a type of hospital. As a result, there were significant differences in age, educational background and career. 2. This Study was compared to the difference of the two subject group's role perception and role expectation about each question according to a type of hospital. The result of this comparisons as follows : First, These were the most important issue between both groups : "Head nurse has to know about her staff's events and problems and then help them to solve that promptly" Second, These were the least important issue between both groups : "Head nurse has an interview with patient's family and visitors", "Head nurse is interested in her staff's privacy". 3. This study was compared to the differences of each role areas according to a type of hospital. As a result, there were no significant differences both two subject groups except nursing manager role in staff nurses' group(t=-2.893, df=449.0 p=0.004). 4. This study was tested to the difference of the two subject groups according to general characteristics. As a result, All of that there were no significant differences.