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J Nurs Acad Soc. 1976 Jun;6(1):29-40. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4040/jnas.1976.6.1.29
Lee KJ .
Department of Nursing, Gradudate School of Ewha Womans' University, Korea.
Abstract

This study attempted to measure personality changes in collegiate nursing students as a result of their psychiatric nursing practice. The study population consisted of 310 students in 8 colleges of nursing in Korea, 96 with psychiatric practice, 103 with other clinical practice and 111 without clinical practice experience. The objectives of the study were to identify: 1. The self-actualization scores of nursing students resulting from psychiatric nursing practice. 2. The self-actualization scores of nursing students resulting from other clinical nursing practice. 3. The difference between scores for students with clinical practice experience and those without experience. 4 . The relevance between self-actualization and sibling order. 5. The relevance between self-actualization and religion. 6. The coefficiency scores for students before and after clinical practice. The instrument used was the Personal Orientation Inventory (POD, developed by Shostrom. It provides a measure of values'and behavior which are thought to be of importance in the development of self-actualization. The main findings of the study were as follows: 1 . There was a significant difference in the Time Competence, Self Regard, and Nature of Man scales resulting from psychiatric nursing practice. 2 . There was a significant difference in the Inner Directed, Existentiality, Feeling Reactivity, Spontaneity, Nature of Man and Capacity for Intimate Contact scales resulting from other clinical nursing practice. 3 . There was a significant difference in the Inner Directed, Feeling Reactivity, Spontaneity, Self- Regard and Capacity for Intimate Contact scales between students with clinical practice and those without practice. 4 . There was a significant difference in the Self-Acceptance scale for both the eldest and the youngest siblings. 5. There was a significant difference in the Time Competence, Inner Directed, Existentiality, Self-Acceptance and Capacity for Intimate Contact scales for middle and youngest siblings, 6. There was a significant difference in the Existentiality scale between students with a religion and those without one.

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