More and more emphasis is put on moral treatment in the care of psychiatric patients. Methods emp- loyed for meral treatment make use of therapeutic activity for the mentally ill patient. In some psychi- atric hospitals all of the thrapeutic activities are categorized as occupational therapy, while in others these activities are departmentally categorized recreational, musical, occupational and bibliotherapy. All of these constitute separate departmental therapise. By research, it is known at this time, that the above activities have been of great help in personality integration, reeducation and early recovery of patients, as well as in their sccial adjustment after discharge. The goal of these therapeutic activities incorporate the goals set by healthier interpersonal relationship and psychotherapy. But the therapeutic activities require a prolonged time of therapy for effectivness, economic support. special trained personnel, careful planning, guidance and proper evaluation. Therefore this treatment is a very complicated one. But it may be the most profitable therpy for certain patients. One true fact about this treament is, that simple recreation, occupation, music, reading, etc.. make the patients life in the ward more interesting and have a good effect on the interpersonal relationship between patients. Thus it has been proved that this kind of treatment demands the active and full participation of the personnel and the full support of the hospital administration.