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Diabetes Metab J. 2017 Dec;41(6):474-485. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.6.474
Piao SJ , Kim SH , Suh YJ , Hong SB , Ahn SH , Seo DH , Park IS , Nam M .
Department of Internal Medicine, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. namms@inha.ac.kr
Qingdao Endocrine and Diabetes Hospital, Qingdao, China.
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.
Department of Anatomy, Inha University School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea. sunpark@inha.ac.kr
Abstract

Background

Regular aerobic exercise is essential for the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes mellitus and may be particularly beneficial for those treated with thiazolidinediones, since it may prevent associated weight gain. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of combined exercise and rosiglitazone treatment on body composition and glucose metabolism in obese diabetes-prone animals.

Methods

We analyzed metabolic parameters, body composition, and islet profiles in Otsuka Long Evans Tokushima Fatty rats after 28 weeks of aerobic exercise, rosiglitazone treatment, and combined exercise and rosiglitazone treatment.

Results

Combined exercise with rosiglitazone showed significantly less increase in weight and epididymal fat compared to rosiglitazone treatment. Aerobic exercise alone and combined rosiglitazone and exercise treatment led to similar retention of lean body mass. All experimental groups showed a decrease in fasting glucose. However, the combined exercise and rosiglitazone therapy group showed prominent improvement in glucose tolerance compared to the other groups. Rescue of islet destruction was observed in all experimental groups, but was most prominent in the combined therapy group.

Conclusion

Regular aerobic exercise combined with rosiglitazone treatment can compensate for the adverse effect of rosiglitazone treatment and has benefit for islet preservation.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.