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Diabetes Metab J. 2017 Dec;41(6):449-456. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4093/dmj.2017.41.6.449
Babazadeh T , Dianatinasab M , Daemi A , Nikbakht HA , Moradi F , Ghaffari-fam S .
PhD Candidate in Health Education and Promotion, Student Research Committee, Faculty of Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
Shiraz HIV/AIDS Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. dianatinasab@sums.ac.ir
Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran.
Department of Municipal Health in Tehran, Tehran Municipality, Tehran, Iran.
School of Nursing of Miyandoab, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran. ghaffari.sa@tak.iums.ac.ir
Abstract

Background

Self-care of diabetes is an essential part for controlling the disease and improvement of quality of life in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. This study aimed to analyze the associated factors of quality of life in patients with T2DM in order to design effective interventions.

Methods

This cross-sectional study was conducted on 120 T2DM patients referred to health centers of Chaldoran, West Azerbaijan Province, Iran. The quality of life's questionnaires from World Health Organization and the self-care behaviors' questionnaires were used for data collection.

Results

The mean age of patients was 46.30% and 53.30% of them were male. Among demographic variables, gender (P=0.002), age groups (P=0.007), and household monthly income (P=0.009) were significantly associated with total quality of life. Also, self-care nutrition (odds ratio [OR], 1.47; P=0.001), self-management of blood glucose control (OR, 1.29; P=0.002), and self-medication behavior (OR, 1.18; P=0.030) were identified as factors significantly associated with quality of life.

Conclusion

Self-care behaviors were significantly associated with quality of life; among them, the greatest influence was observed in self-care nutrition behavior. According to the findings of this study, appropriate interventions on self-care behaviors about nutrition can improve the quality of life for T2DM patients.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.