The risk of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is well studied for some orthopedic surgery. However, the incidence of postoperative DVT is less well-defined in patients who have spinal surgery. In addition, there is insufficient evidence to suggest that screening patients before spinal surgery and to use of prophylactic method such as anticoagulants, compression stockings, and pneumatic compression device. We experienced a 78-year-old female patient of DVT after fusion operation with pedicular screws in T12 osteoporotic compression fracture. As risk of DVT after major spinal surgery is fairly low, it seems reasonable to consider prophylactic management after spinal surgery in old aged patients with difficult ambulation.