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Arch Hand Microsurg. 2019 Mar;24(1):87-95. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.12790/ahm.2019.24.1.87
Choi JH , Yang TY , Lee TK , Woo SH .
W Institute for Hand and Reconstructive Microsurgery, W General Hospital, Daegu, Korea. handwoo@hotmail.com
Abstract

Purpose

To analyze the risk factors and the rate of neurological complication occurring after micro-surgical enucleation of schwannoma, and the relationship between single fascicle resection and neurological deficiency.

Methods

From January 2010 through September 2018, a total of 65 patients underwent micro-surgical enucleation for schwannoma in the forearm and hand. The factors affecting new neurological deficiency after surgery were analyzed, and the differences in neurological incidence were compared between those that preserved the fascicle and those that were unavoidable to resect the fascicle at surgery.

Results

Immediately neurological complications were reported in 16 patients (24.6%) after the surgery, with 4 patients (6.2%) remaining in the final outcome. Neurological complication (50.0%) was higher in case of resection of fascicle at surgery (hazard ratio, HR=18.791, p < 0.05). The preoperative misdiagnosis also increased the incidence of neurological complications (HR=10.693, p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Accurate diagnosis before surgery and preservation of the nerve fascicle at surgery are important to reduce postoperative neurological complications in the treatment of schwannoma. For accurate diagnosis, detailed history taking, physical examination and magnetic resonance imaging should be actively done, and during surgery, efforts should be made to preserve the nerve fascicle as much as possible by using microscopic surgical techniques.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.