PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the questions in the hip and pelvis section of the Korean Orthopaedic In-Training Examination (KOITE). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed all KOITE questions pertaining to hip and pelvis surgery between 2010 and 2014. A thorough analysis of the contents was performed after categorizing as tested topics, imaging modalities used, taxonomic classification, and recommended references. We also analyzed the scores of the hip and pelvis section of the KOITE. RESULTS: Seventy-five of five-hundred questions (weight, 15.0%) were related to the hip and pelvis. Trauma including fracture and dislocation (26/75, 34.7%) was asked more commonly than disease and basics. The description-only questions (65/75, 86.7%) were the most frequently asked. According to taxonomic classification, taxonomy 3 (decision; 39/75, 52.0%) was most frequently asked. Campbell's Operative Orthopedics (52/75, 69.3%) was the reference that covered most of the questions. CONCLUSION: This analysis of the hip and pelvis section of KOITE could be used for resident training programs in teaching hospitals.