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J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2017;14(1):22. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.22
Mo Y , Hu G , Yi Y , Ying Y , Huang H , Huang Z , Lin J .
First Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Guangxi, China. 12466303@qq.com
The Maternal and Child Hospital of Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Guangxi, China.
Department of Plastic and Aesthetic Surgery, Nan Fang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangdong, China.
Abstract

Purpose

Maintaining a sufficient and competent rural nursing workforce is an important goal of the Chinese health delivery system. However, few studies have investigated the health training status or conducted a needs assessment of rural Chinese nurses during this time of great transformations in health policy. This study was conducted to explore the current health training status of nurses working in rural Chinese township health centers (THCs) and to ascertain their perceived needs.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire was conducted among 240 THC nurses in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, China from March 2014 to August 2014. The survey questionnaire was adapted from the Second Chinese Survey of Demographic Data and Training Demand for Health Professionals in THCs developed by the Ministry of Education.

Results

The nurses in THCs were young, with a low educational level. Their perceived needs for health training included further clinical studies at city-level hospitals to improve their skills and theoretical studies at medical universities in emergency medicine and general practice. Overall, 71.9% of the nurses with a secondary technical school background expected to pursue junior college studies, and 68.5% of the nurses with a junior college education expected to pursue a bachelor's degree. A decentralized program with theoretical studies at medical universities and practical studies at county hospitals was regarded as feasible by 66.9% of the respondents.

Conclusion

Health-training programs for nurses in Chinese THCs must be improved in terms of coverage, delivery mode, and content. A decentralized degree-linked training program in which medical universities and city hospitals collaborate would be an appropriate mode of delivery.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.