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J Educ Eval Health Prof. 2017;14(1):19. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.3352/jeehp.2017.14.19
Hejri SM , Jalili M .
Health Professions Education Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Emergency Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. mjalili@tums.ac.ir
Department of Medical Education, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract

Purpose

In a sequential objective structured clinical examination (OSCE), all students initially take a short screening OSCE. Examinees who pass are excused from further testing, but an additional OSCE is administered to the remaining examinees. Previous investigations of sequential OSCE were based on classical test theory. We aimed to design and evaluate screening OSCEs based on item response theory (IRT).

Methods

We carried out a retrospective observational study. At each station of a 10-station OSCE, the students' performance was graded on a Likert-type scale. Since the data were polytomous, the difficulty parameters, discrimination parameters, and students' ability were calculated using a graded response model. To design several screening OSCEs, we identified the 5 most difficult stations and the 5 most discriminative ones. For each test, 5, 4, or 3 stations were selected. Normal and stringent cut-scores were defined for each test. We compared the results of each of the 12 screening OSCEs to the main OSCE and calculated the positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV), as well as the exam cost.

Results

A total of 253 students (95.1%) passed the main OSCE, while 72.6% to 94.4% of examinees passed the screening tests. The PPV values ranged from 0.98 to 1.00, and the NPV values ranged from 0.18 to 0.59. Two tests effectively predicted the results of the main exam, resulting in financial savings of 34% to 40%.

Conclusion

If stations with the highest IRT-based discrimination values and stringent cut-scores are utilized in the screening test, sequential OSCE can be an efficient and convenient way to conduct an OSCE.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.