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Asian Oncol Nurs. 2014 Dec;14(4):249-253. English. Original Article.
Kim B , Ryoo SB , Park KJ , Park SH .
Department of Nursing, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Surgery, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Nursing, Kyungmin College, Uijeongbu, Korea.

PURPOSE: To assess the effectiveness of a care map for a fast-track discharge program after colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Ninety-nine patients who underwent colorectal surgery were retrospectively analyzed: 45 patients who were placed in a conventional program (January 3 to March 13, 2013) and 44 patients who were placed in a fast-track program using the care map (July 26 to September 24, 2014). Patients in the fast-track program started eating on postoperative day 1, while those in the conventional program started eating on post-operative day 2. complications, and pain were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: A slight decrease in the average duration of hospitalization was observed for the fast-track group (5.31+/-0.98 days) compared to the conventional group (5.38+/-2.80 days), although this difference was not statistically significant. All other outcomes for the fast-track group were scored as 0. Furthermore, there was no statistically significant differences between pain, narcotics administration, and non-narcotic analgesics (aside from patient-controlled analgesia). CONCLUSION: The care map for the colorectal surgery fast-track program was effective and program validation and supplementation of the active standardization early recovery program should be performed using multi-disciplinary research.

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