PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of quality of life (QoL) with body weight, anxiety, and depression according to perioperative period. METHODS: Data were secondarily analyzed from 30 gastric cancer patients. RESULTS: There were positive relationships of anxiety with depression (r=.42, p=.019) and appetite symptoms of QoL (r=.41, p=.023) at preoperative day one. There were negative relationships of body weight with physical function of QoL (r=-.40, p=.026), and positive relationships of anxiety with depression (r=.37, p=.044) and constipation symptom of QoL (r=.38, p=.034) at postoperative day 7. Also, at postoperative one month, there were positive relationships of body weight with physical function (r=-.45, p=.011) and constipation symptom (r=.37, p=.039). There was a negative relationship of anxiety with emotional function (r=-.39, p= .035), a negative relationship of depression with physical function (r=-.43, p= .018), and a positive relationship of depression with finance (r=.39, p=.034). CONCLUSION: Oncology nurses should consider diverse factors during the early postoperative period to increase QoL. Also, appropriate and timely interventions should be provided to minimize the negative influence on QoL.