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Clin Should Elbow. 2019 Mar;22(1):3-8. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5397/cise.2019.22.1.3
Jun YC , Moon YL , Bhardwaj HD , Lim JH , Cha DH .
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Chosun University School of Medicine, Gwangju, Korea. orthoped@chosun.ac.kr
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Punjab Institute of Medical Sciences, Jalandhar, Punjab, India.
Abstract

Background

This study aimed to compare the subscapularis muscle volume between the intact groups (group I) and supraspinatus tendon tear groups (group T) based on the sex and three different age groups.

Methods

Subjects with a group I and subjects with group T without any other lesions were retrospectively evaluated from among patients who received a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan between January 2011 and December 2013. The MRI scans were studied by a consultant radiologist. The subscapularis muscle volume was compared according to the age and sex; the age groups were categorized as patients in their 40s, 50s, and 60s. The volume of subscapularis muscle was measured by three-dimensional reconstructed images acquired through the axial section of 1.5T MRI.

Results

No statistically significant differences were observed between subscapularis muscle volume of the group I and group T, except for male patients in their 50s (group I: 100,650 mm³ vs. group T: 106,488 mm³) and 60s (group I: 76,347 mm³ vs. group T: 99,549 mm³) (p<0.05). Males had a larger mean volume of subscapularis muscle than females, and the subscapularis muscle volume decreased in a linear manner with increasing age.

Conclusions

Decrease in subscapularis muscle volume was observed with increasing age, and the impact of supraspinatus tear on subscapularis muscle volume is age and sex dependent.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.