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Clin Should Elbow. 2018 Dec;21(4):213-219. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5397/cise.2018.21.4.213
Lee JH , Kim KC , Lee JH , Ahn KB , Rhyou IH .
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Upper Extremity and Microsurgery Center, Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital, Pohang, Korea. osdrrih@gmail.com
Abstract

Background

The study of conservative and surgical treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy and associated biceps tendon partial rupture.

Methods

Twenty-one cases with distal biceps tendonitis and partial ruptures were studied who visited Pohang Semyeong Christianity Hospital from June 2010 to August 2017. The mean age was 57.1 years (39–69 years), 14 males and 7 females. The mean duration of symptom at the time of first visit was 4.9 months (0.2–14 months). Ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging were performed for patients with severe symptoms. According to the severity of the symptoms, splint immobilization, oral nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and ultrasound-guided steroid injection were performed. Surgical treatment was performed if the patient did not respond to conservative treatment for 3 to 6 months or longer.

Results

There were 9 cases of partial rupture of the distal biceps tendon associated with distal biceps tendinopathy on imaging studies. Conservative treatment showed symptomatic improvement in 16 of 21 cases. In 4 cases with a relatively mild symptom, anti-inflammatory analgesics and intermittent splinting showed good result. In 12 cases, symptoms improved after ultrasonography-guided steroid injection. Surgical treatment was performed on 5 cases that did not respond to conservative treatment.

Conclusions

Conservative treatment of distal biceps tendinopathy may promise good results. However, in case of partial tear of the distal biceps tendon and refractory to conservative treatment, surgical treatment may be needed.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.