Acute traumatic shoulder injuries related to motor vehicle accidents and industrial accident has shown a steep increase recently. In regard to the causal relationship and the previous illness, the rotator cuff tear and SLAP lesion are the mostly debated among shoulder injuries related to trauma. Both the possibility of spontaneous occurrence related to their degenerative etiology and the discordance between the extent of injury and the symptom of the rotator cuff tear and SLAP lesion, make it difficult and obscure to estimate the extent of involvement of accident. Therefore, the Insurance Committee of Korean Shoulder and Elbow Society performed a questionnaire for the shoulder specialists to investigate their criteria about deciding the treatment modalities and SLAP lesion and reviewed literatures regarding the causal relationship between the accident and the rotator cuff tear and SLAP lesion. The committee recommended the diagnostic criteria to judge contribution of the accident on traumatic shoulder injuries, and to offer a guideline for disabilities.