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J Trauma Inj. 2014 Dec;27(4):158-164. Korean. Original Article.
Noh M , Yang SS , Kyoung KH .
Department of Surgery, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.
Department of Trauma Center, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea. traumacrew@uuh.ulsan.kr
Department of Emergency Medicine, Ulsan University Hospital, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Ulsan, Korea.
Abstract

PURPOSE: Numerous studies have investigated the pattern of traumatic death with a focus on the injury mechanism, the severity of the injury and the presence of hemorrhage. Acute coagulopathy has been treated as only one of many complications. The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of acute coagulopathy on acute and early death due to trauma. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of trauma patients with injury severity score (ISS)> or =25 who had been treated between January 2011 and December 2012 was conducted. Based on the time of injury, traumatic death was categorized into acute (within 48 hours) and early (from 3 to 7 days). The correlations between various parameters within 24 hours after injury and time of death were analyzed. RESULTS: A total of 124 patients were enrolled. Of them, 8.1% (n=10) of the patients experienced acute mortality. For those patients, significant differences in initial systolic blood pressure, coagulopathy score, amount of transfusion, abbreviated injury scale of the head and neck, the abdomen and the extremities were noted. Early mortality was experienced by 7.0% (n=8) of the patients, only coagulopathy score was found to be a significant independent risk factor for acute (odds ratio: 3.127; 95% confidence interval: 1.185-8.252; p=0.021) and early mortality (odds ratio: 2.470; 95% confidence interval: 1.029-5.929; p=0.043). CONCLUSION: Acute traumatic coagulopathy has an important role in the mortality, even after the acute phase. Early management and prevention of acute coagulopathy may improve survival of trauma patients.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.