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J Trauma Inj. 2014 Sep;27(3):63-70. Korean. Original Article.
Kim HK , Kim JJ , Cho JS , Jang JH , Yang HJ , Lee G .
Department of Emergency Medicine, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea. empearl@gilhospital.com
Abstract

PURPOSE: In children, mild traumatic brain injuries (TBI) account for 70~90% of head injuries. Without guidelines, many of these children may be exposed to excess radiation due to unnecessary imaging. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of a mild TBI guideline in imaging of pediatric patients. METHODS: The medical records of all children who had head computed tomography and were admitted to our hospital with a TBI with Pediatric Glasgow Coma Scale and Glasgow Coma Scale of 14 to 15 were retrospectively reviewed and compared with PECARN Rule. RESULTS: A total of 1260 children were included and all children checked with head computed tomography. 61 pediatrics had CT positive and presented skull fracture 40, hemorrhage 8, hemorrhagic contusion 7, and diffuse axonal injury 1. Also, 4 patients diagnosed both skull fracture and brain haemorrhage and 1 patient diagnosed both haemorrhage and haemorrhagic contusion. CONCLUSION: There are many pediatric traumatic patients who exposed to radiation due to CT. But, the most of results were negative. So, consider to follow the CT guideline for children and many do not require brain CT.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.