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J Korean Med Assoc. 2016 Jun;59(6):443-451. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2016.59.6.443
Yoon HJ .
Division of Infectious Diseases, Seoul Metropolitan Government Seobuk Hospital, Seoul, Korea. yhj822@naver.com
Abstract

Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arthropod-borne member of the genus Flavivirus, closely related to the dengue, West Nile, Japanese encephalitis, and yellow fever viruses and is transmitted by Aedes spp. mosquitoes. It has emerged explosively since 2007 to cause a series of epidemics in Micronesia, the South Pacific, and most recently the Americas. Following the first detection of ZIKV on the American continent, autochthonous ZIKV transmission has been confirmed throughout Central and South America. The unprecedented numbers of people infected during recent outbreaks in the South Pacific and the Americas may have resulted in enough ZIKV infections to notice patterns of the associated incidence of congenital microcephaly, Gillain-Barre symdrome, and acute diffuse encephalomyelitis. Here we review the history, emergence, biology, transmission, and control strategies for the ongoing outbreak through vector-centric approaches on ZIKV to date.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.