Due to the development of dedicated receiver coils for 3 tesla (T) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and increased gradient performance, 3T MR imaging of the abdomen is rapidly becoming a part of routine clinical practice. The most important advantage of 3T MR imaging is a higher signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio compared with 1.5T systems, which can be used to improve spatial resolution and shorten image acquisition time. In the abdomen, the improved image quality of non-enhanced and enhanced solid organ imaging, MR angiography, MR cholangiopancreatography, and MR spectroscopy can be obtained at 3T due to the increased signal-to-noise ratio and contrast-to-noise ratio. However, 3T abdominal MR imaging also presents several technical challenges, such as increased energy deposition within the patient's body, standing wave artifacts, and increased susceptibility artifacts. Therefore, abdominal MR imaging at 3T requires adjustments in the sequence parameters of pulse sequences designed for 1.5T to optimize image quality. At present, 3T abdominal MR imaging is feasible with high image quality in an acceptable scan time, but 3T imaging is not significantly superior to 1.5T imaging in terms of cost-effectiveness. Future improvements in coil technology and new sequences suitable for 3T may enable wider clinical use of 3T for abdominal MR imaging.