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J Korean Med Assoc. 2009 Jul;52(7):705-718. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5124/jkma.2009.52.7.705
Yim SY , Lee IY , Park MC , Kim JH .
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation/Ajou Torticollis Clinic, Ajou University School of Medicine, Korea. syyim@ajou.ac.kr, iylee@ajou.ac.kr
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery/Ajou Torticollis Clinic, Ajou University School of Medicine, Korea. mpark@ajou.ac.kr
Department of Pathology/Ajou Torticollis Clinic, Ajou University School of Medicine, Korea. mrkjhk@yahoo.co.kr
Abstract

Abnormal posture of the head and neck can happen to anybody from neonates to adults, which requires appropriate interventions according to etiologies. Congenital muscular torticollis is the most common cause of abnormal posture of the head and neck in infancy, where early intervention as soon as possible is critical for better therapeutic outcome. Childhood laterocollis is heterogeneous condition, which needs etiological diagnosis for the proper management. Cervical dystonia is the most common form of focal dystonia and an overview on clinical presentations and therapeutic options including chemodenervation with botulinum toxin injection was provided. Abnormal posture of the head and neck of acute onset could be a sign of serious conditions and needs differential diagnosis.

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