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J Korean Med Assoc. 2009 Jan;52(1):78-90. Korean. Original Article.
Kim DS .
Department of Neurosurgery, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Korea.

Spinal dysraphism is a common birth defect that causes different kinds of secondary impairments, including joint deformities, reduced mobility, and bowel or bladder dysfunction. Various dysraphic spinal abnormalities result in tethered cord syndrome, a progressive form of neurological deterioration that results from spinal cord tethering. The surgery and management of children who have spinal dysraphism require multidisciplinary care and long-term follow-up by multiple specialists in birth defects. This article reviews the clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnostic strategies, and therapeutic management of spinal dysraphism in infancy.

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