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J Gastric Cancer. 2019 Sep;19(3):290-300. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5230/jgc.2019.19.e26
Takayama Y , Kaneoka Y , Maeda A , Fukami Y , Takahashi T , Uji M .
Department of Surgery, Ogaki Municipal Hospital, Ogaki, Japan. t-yuichi@rf6.so-net.ne.jp
Abstract

Purpose

The optimal method for intracorporeal esophagojejunostomy remains unclear because a purse-string suture for fixing the anvil into the esophagus is difficult to perform with a laparoscopic approach. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate our novel technique to fix the anvil into the esophagus.

Materials and Methods

This retrospective study included 202 patients who were treated at our institution with an intracorporeal circular esophagojejunostomy in a laparoscopy-assisted total gastrectomy with a Roux-en-Y reconstruction (166 cases) or a laparoscopy-assisted proximal gastrectomy with jejunal interposition (36 cases). After incising 3/4 of the esophageal wall, a hand-sewn purse-string suture was placed on the esophagus. Next, the anvil head of a circular stapler was introduced into the esophagus. Finally, the circular esophagojejunostomy was performed laparoscopically. The clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes were evaluated and compared with those of other methods.

Results

The average operation time was 200.3 minutes. The average hand-sewn purse-string suturing time was 6.4 minutes. The overall incidence of postoperative complications (Clavien–Dindo classification grade ≥II) was 26%. The number of patients with an anastomotic leakage and stenosis at the esophagojejunostomy site were 4 (2.0%) and 12 (6.0%), respectively. All patients with stenosis were successfully treated by endoscopic balloon dilatation. There was no mortality. Regarding the materials and devices for anvil fixation, only 1 absorbable thread was needed.

Conclusions

Our procedure for hand-sewn purse-string suturing with the double ligation method is simple and safe.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.