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Arch Craniofac Surg. 2016 Dec;17(4):225-228. English. Case Report. https://doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2016.17.4.225
Lee JS , Ahn S , Eom KS .
Department of Neurosurgery, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea. kseom@wonkwang.ac.kr
Department of Surgery, Division of Coloproctology, Wonkwang University Hospital, Iksan, Korea.
Abstract

The entrapment of intracranial air from the check valve system results in a tension pneumocephalus. It should be distinguished from simple pneumocephalus because they are intracranial space-occupying masses that can threaten life. Communicating hydrocephalus is a serious and frequent complication of post-traumatic head injury. Head injury is one of the most common causes in etiopathogenesis of communicating hydrocephalus. Here, we describe a case of a 65-year-old man who developed communicating hydrocephalus after a post-traumatic tension pneumocephalus. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first reported case of communicating hydrocephalus developed after a post-traumatic tension pneumocephalus. Although the exact pathogenic mechanisms underlying the cascade following trauma remain unclear, communicating hydrocephalus after a tension pneumocephalus could be considered a possible complication.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.