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Arch Craniofac Surg. 2016 Dec;17(4):181-185. English. Review. https://doi.org/10.7181/acfs.2016.17.4.181
Kim J , Choi JH , Chung YK , Kim SW .
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju, Korea. gen80@yonsei.ac.kr
Abstract

Panfacial bone fracture is challenging. Even experienced surgeons find restoration of original facial architecture difficult because of the severe degree of fragmentation and loss of reference segments that could guide the start of facial reconstruction. To restore the facial contour, surgeons usually follow a general sequence for panfacial bone reduction. Among the sequences, the bottom-to-top and outside-in sequence is reported to be the most widely used in recent publications. However, a single sequence cannot be applied to all cases of panfacial fractures because of the variations in panfacial bone fracture patterns. In this article, we intend to find the reference and discuss the efficacy of inside-out sequence in facial bone fracture reconstruction.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.