The propose of this study was to propose for protection of childhood injury or accident and to provide safety measures. Data was collected from 2,052 who visited emergency room of E University Hospital during 1 year period form January to December, 1996. The results were as follows : 1. The most common type of accident was fall down (53.4%). 2. Male patients outnumbered female by the ratio of 1.68 : 1. 3. The highest incidence rate of accidents were observed in children between 1-3 years age group(34.9%). 4. Accidents were seasonally more frequent in spring(28.2%). 5. Accidents mainly took place at home(63%). 6. The time of accidental occurrence appeared to be predominantly high during a day 8:00 PM to 0:00 AM(35.1%). 7. The most frequent involved part of body was head and face(74%). 8. Most patients discharged from the hospital in good condition(85.4%). Though clinical analysis, in the relation to accident, there were statistically significant difference in sex, age, season, injury place(all=0.000).