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Korean J Adult Nurs. 2018 Oct;30(5):546-554. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2018.30.5.546
Jo KH , An GJ .
Professor, College of Nursing, Catholic University of Daegu, Daegu, Korea.
Professor, Department of Nursing, Cheongju University, Cheongju, Korea. antheresa@cju.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

This study was conducted to examine the effects of a group reminiscence program on self-forgiveness, life satisfaction, and death anxiety among Korean older adults in nursing homes.

Methods

This study was undertaken in two nursing homes in Korea using a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design. The subjects were 47 older adults aged 69 to 91 years. The experimental group underwent the group reminiscence program for eight weeks. All participants' self-forgiveness, life satisfaction, and death anxiety levels were measured using the State Self-Forgiveness Scale-Korea (SSFS-K), the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), and the Death Anxiety Scale (DAS), respectively, before and after the eight-week intervention.

Results

After the group reminiscence program, life satisfaction (t=3.23, p=.003) and death anxiety (t=2.49, p=.018) levels of the experimental group improved significantly compared to those of the control group. There was no statistically significant difference in self-forgiveness between the experimental and control groups.

Conclusion

The results of this study suggest that use of the group reminiscence program can be considered an effective intervention, with a positive impact on life satisfaction and death anxiety of Korean older adults in nursing homes.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.