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Korean J Adult Nurs. 2018 Oct;30(5):516-526. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2018.30.5.516
Jeong SY , Choi-Kwon S .
Part-time Instructor, Korea Armed Forces Nursing Academy, Daejeon, Korea.
Professor, College of Nursing · Research Institute of Nursing Science, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. smi@snu.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

Fatigue is common in older adults and may decrease the quality of life. The purpose of this study was to investigate the level and characteristics of fatigue of older adults, and identify the factors associated with fatigue.

Methods

This study used a secondary data analysis (n=200). Data collection was conducted from July to September 2015. Fatigue Severity Scale, Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form Korea Version, Korean Version of Physical Activity Scale for Elderly, and Verran & Synder-Halpern Sleep Scale were used.

Results

We used the data from 200 older adults in a local senior welfare center. Their average age was 74.5 years. We found that 35.5% of them had fatigue (≥4). The reported factors alleviating fatigue were taking rest, warm bath, and sleeping. Engaging in light sports was also reported to alleviate fatigue. The level of fatigue was higher in subjects with older age (p=.009), lower income (p=.003), higher number of diseases (p < .001), more medications (p < .001), and lower perceived health status (p < .001). In multiple linear regression analysis, the factors predicting fatigue were older age (p < .001), depression (p < .001), pain (p=.001), irregular exercise (p=.013), and lower perceived health status (p < .001). The explanatory power of the model was 47.5%.

Conclusion

Our study suggests that depression and pain were risk factors although engaging in light sports was a factor alleviating fatigue in older adults. The fatigue management strategies tailored to alleviate fatigue in older individuals by reducing these manageable risk factors are needed.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.