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Korean J Adult Nurs. 2018 Oct;30(5):482-492. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2018.30.5.482
Jeon HH , Lee SJ .
Surgical Nurse, Bundang Jesaeng Hospital, Seongnam, Korea.
Assistant Professor, Department of Nursing, Korea National Open University, Seoul, Korea. syjlee@knou.ac.kr
Abstract

Purpose

This study aimed to investigate the effects of a video-centered nursing education program on anxiety, uncertainty, and self-care in patients undergoing cataract surgery.

Methods

A video-centered nursing education program was developed. The program consisted of a video and leaflet. The video was in 4 sections (introduction, pre-operation examination, operation, and post-operation self-care) for a total of 8 minutes. The leaflet included information on cataracts and self-care. The program was performed from January to April 2017. The participants were scheduled to undergo cataract surgery. The experimental group (n=26) underwent the program before the operation and the control group (n=30) received usual care at Bundang Jesaeng Hospital. In the pre-test, general characteristics, trait-state anxiety, and uncertainty were measured. The state anxiety, uncertainty, and self-care were evaluated as post-test. Data were analyzed using Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Shapiro-Wilk, χ², Fisher's exact, t-, and Mann-Whitney U tests and covariance analysis.

Results

In the post-test, there were significant differences between groups on uncertainty (F=8.10, p=.006) and self-care (F=11.06, p=.002).

Conclusion

The program was effective in reducing uncertainty and improving self-care in patients undergoing cataract surgery. These results will help to reduce nurse shortages and excessive workload and enable efficient clinical practice.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.