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Korean J Adult Nurs. 2017 Oct;29(5):505-516. Korean. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.7475/kjan.2017.29.5.505
Ha JY , Cho B , Song M , Lim J , Kim GH , Jung YS , Park YH .
College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea. hanipyh@snu.ac.kr
Department of Family Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.
Jongno Senior Welfare Center, Seoul, Korea.
Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to identify gender and age differences in health status and health behaviors of community-dwelling older adults in an urban city.

Methods

A convenience sample of 500 older people were recruited. Participants completed eight study instruments by face to face interview. The instruments were the Korea Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (K-IADL), Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), Body Mass Index (BMI), Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form, Stanford Research Instruments for Chronic Disease, Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form Korea version, EuroQol-5 Dimensions scale (EQ-5D), and the Study of Osteoporotic Fracture Frailty Index.

Results

71.6% were females and mean age of all participants was 74.4 years. Participants were divided into three age groups: 60 to 74 years (n=263, 52.6%), 75 to 84 years (n=207, 41.4%), and ≥85 years (n=30, 6.0%). Significant gender differences were found in educational level, marital status, family type, religion, perceived economic status, K-IADL, SPPB, grip strength, BMI, fatigue, smoking, drinking, communication with physicians and nurses, and EQ-5D. There were significant differences among the three age groups on educational level, marital status, family type, SPPB, grip strength, regular health check-up, communication with physicians and nurses, and frailty.

Conclusion

Gender difference should be taken into consideration more than age when policy and preventive programs for community-dwelling older adults in an urban city is developed.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.