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Korean J Adult Nurs. 2017 Oct;29(5):484-495. Korean. Original Article.
Ha EH , Hyun KS .
Department of Nursing, Jungwon University, Goesan, Korea.
Korea Insutitute for Healthcare Accreditation, Seoul, Korea.


Subjective Attitudes toward cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) can be diverse. The purpose of this study was to identify subjective attitudes toward CPR among hospital nurses working in emergency room and intensive care units.


The Q methodology was used. The 42 Q-statements selected by each of the 38 participants were classified into a shape of normal distribution. The collected data were analyzed using a QUANL program.


Three types of attitudes emerged: ‘TypeI, CPR requires professionalism(medical personnel-centered)’, ‘Type II, CPR requires reality (patient-centered)’, and ‘Type III, CPR requires ethicality (human dignity-centered)’.


The findings suggest that nursing intervention programs for the three types should be developed. Mandatory repeat education programs for TypeI, Development of guidelines for the prohibition and termination of CPR for TypeII. Continuing education on wills and advance directives for TypeIII can be helpful.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.