PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess knowledge, attitude, correct metered dose inhaler (MDI) use and compliance with self management among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: The participants of this study consisted of 109 COPD patients who were outpatients in C and K hospital located in G city from March 1 to September 30th, 2010. Data were measured using self-administered questionnaires and observational checklist. The data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 program that included mean, standard deviation, ANOVA, Sheffe test, and Pearson's correlation. RESULTS: There were significant relationships between knowledge and attitude (r=.33, p<.001), between knowledge and correct MDI use (r=.37, p<.001), and between knowledge and self-management compliance (r=.28, p=.003). There was significant relationship between attitude and self-management compliance (r=.33. p<.001). In contrast, attitude was not significantly related to correct MDI use. CONCLUSION: The study showed that COPD knowledge and attitude of patients were related compliance in managing their disease. Therefore, strategies need to be utilized in education programs which would improve knowledge and subsequently improve attitude and compliance.