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Int Neurourol J. 2018 Sep;22(3):185-191. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5213/inj.1836050.025
Declemy A , Chesnel C , Charlanes A , Le Breton F , Ismael SS , Amarenco G .
GREEN GRC-01 UPMC (Group of Clinical Research in Neurourology), Sorbonne University, Paris, France. arnaudeclemy@free.fr
Department of Neuro-Urology, Tenon Hospital, APHP, Paris, France.
Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this study was to describe lower urinary tract symptoms in neuromyelitis optica (NMO), and to compare these data with urinary disorders observed in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.

Methods

Retrospective study of data collected from January 1997 to July 2017 using the database from a Neuro-Urology Department of a university hospital. NMO and MS patients were matched for sex, age, and Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS)

Results

Twenty-six patients with NMO were included and compared with 33 MS patients. Mean age was 41.6 years (standard deviation [SD], 14,8), mostly female patients (24 vs. 2 males). Mean EDSS was 4.6 (SD, 1.8) in the 2 groups. In NMO group, 57% of the patients (n=15) had overactive bladder with urgency and urge incontinence and 38.5% (n=10) of them had nocturia. Voiding symptoms was observed in 69.2% of the patients (n=18); 42.3% of NMO patients performed self-intermittent catheterization versus 12.1% in MS patients (P=0.012). Low bladder compliance and severe urinary tract infections (pyelonephritis) were more frequent in NMO than in MS patients (respectively 15% vs. 0%, P=0.016 and 42% vs. 12%, P=0.024).

Conclusions

Lower urinary tract symptoms, especially overactive bladder and urinary retention, are frequent in NMO. Low bladder compliance, serious urinary infections, and high prevalence of urinary retention requiring self-intermittent catheterization are the main symptoms significantly more frequent than in MS.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.