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Int Neurourol J. 2011 Mar;15(1):13-18. English. Original Article.
Kim SO , Song SH , Lee SC , Cho KA , Kim HS , Hwang IS , Hwang EC , Oh KJ , Kwon D .
Department of Urology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea. seinsena@hanmail.net
Department of Dermatology, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Department of Biochemistry, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Department of Forensic Medicine, Chonnam National University Medical School, Gwangju, Korea.
Abstract

PURPOSE: The purposes of this study were to investigate the effect of hormonal alterations on the expression of caveolin-1 in the urinary bladders of ovariectomized rats and to determine the role of caveolin-1 in the overactivity of the detrusor muscle that occurs with hormonal alterations in rats. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: a control group, a group that underwent bilateral ovariectomy (Ovx), and a group that underwent bilateral ovariectomy followed by subcutaneous injections of 17beta-estradiol (Ovx+Est). After 4 weeks, urodynamic studies were done to measure the contraction interval and contraction pressure. The expression and cellular localization of caveolin-1 were determined by Western blot and immunofluorescence in the urinary bladders of rats. RESULTS: On cystometrograms, the contraction interval was significantly shorter in the Ovx group (3.0+/-0.3 minute) than in the control group (5.6+/-0.5 minute) but was longer in the Ovx+Est group (9.2+/- 0.4 minute) (P<0.05). Conversely, the average contraction pressure was higher in the Ovx group (26.4+/-0.48 mmHg) than in the control group (21.8+/-0.37 mmHg) but was lower in the Ovx+Est group (23.9+/-0.76 mmHg) (P<0.05). Caveolin-1 was expressed in the capillaries, arterioles, and venules. Expression of the protein caveolin-1 was significantly lower after ovariectomy and was restored to control levels after treatment with 17beta-estradiol (P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: Hormonal alterations cause a significant change in the expression of caveolin-1, which suggests that caveolin-1 might have a functional role in the overactivity of the detrusor muscle related to hormonal alterations in the urinary bladders of rats.

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