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Healthc Inform Res. 2017 Oct;23(4):277-284. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4258/hir.2017.23.4.277
Tapak L , Hamidi O , Amini P , Poorolajal J .
Modeling of Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Department of Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Department of Science, Hamedan University of Technology, Hamedan, Iran. omid_hamidi@hut.ac.ir
Department of Epidemiology and Reproductive Health, Reproductive Epidemiology Research Center, Royan Institute for Reproductive Biomedicine, ACECR, Tehran, Iran.
Research Center for Health Sciences & Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract

Objectives

Kidney transplantation is the best renal replacement therapy for patients with end-stage renal disease. Several studies have attempted to identify predisposing factors of graft rejection; however, the results have been inconsistent. We aimed to identify prognostic factors associated with kidney transplant rejection using the artificial neural network (ANN) approach and to compare the results with those obtained by logistic regression (LR).

Methods

The study used information regarding 378 patients who had undergone kidney transplantation from a retrospective study conducted in Hamadan, Western Iran, from 1994 to 2011. ANN was used to identify potential important risk factors for chronic nonreversible graft rejection.

Results

Recipients' age, creatinine level, cold ischemic time, and hemoglobin level at discharge were identified as the most important prognostic factors by ANN. The ANN model showed higher total accuracy (0.75 vs. 0.55 for LR), and the area under the ROC curve (0.88 vs. 0.75 for LR) was better than that obtained with LR.

Conclusions

The results of this study indicate that the ANN model outperformed LR in the prediction of kidney transplantation failure. Therefore, this approach is a promising classifier for predicting graft failure to improve patients' survival and quality of life, and it should be further investigated for the prediction of other clinical outcomes.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.