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Infect Chemother. 2017 Dec;49(4):255-261. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.3947/ic.2017.49.4.255
de Matos SB , Meyer R , Lima FW .
Immunology Service for Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Pharmacy, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil. sbiomatos@yahoo.com.br, mlima@ufba.br
Health Sciences Institute, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, BA, Brazil.
Abstract

Background

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the main infectious agent causative of morbidity and mortality in transplant recipients. This study aimed to describe the occurrence and clinical features of CMV infection, and the optimum antigenemia assay cutoff associated with symptomatic infection.

Materials and Methods

This was a cohort study that investigated 87 patients undergoing renal transplantation. The patients were monitored with the CMV antigenemia assay performed weekly for the first 3 months post-transplantation and subsequently, when CMV infection was suspected clinically.

Results

CMV infection was observed in 63.2% (55/87) of the recipients during the follow-up. Of the 65 episodes observed, 75% (49/65) occurred until 100 days after transplantation (D+100) and 25% (16/65) after D+100 with a median of 60 days. CMV infection was associated with age of the transplant recipients (P = 0.001) and use of deceased donor organ (P = 0.009). There were asymptomatic (34%) and symptomatic (66%) episodes of CMV infection, in which diarrhea was the most common symptom (22.6%), followed by elevated creatinine levels (14.5%), fever (12.9%) and leukopenia (10.5%). The optimum cutoff point associated with symptomatic infection was 5 positive cells/200,000 leukocytes (area under the curve = 0.87, positive predictive value = 88% and negative predictive value= 71%).

Conclusions

The high occurrence and the risk factors for CMV infection such as the age of recipients, the number of positive cells in the antigenemia assay, and use of a deceased donor organ should be considered for appropriate monitoring and management of kidney recipients during the post-transplant period.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.