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Infect Chemother. 2010 Jun;42(3):181-186. English. Case Report.
Kim KH , Song KH , Jeon JH , Park WB , Park SW , Kim HB , Kim NJ , Kim I , Oh MD .
Department of Internal Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea.

Toxoplasmosis is a rare but fatal complication in hematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients, usually associated with allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). We report a case of cerebral toxoplasmosis in a patient with multiple myeloma, following tandem autologous stem cell transplantation. A 55-year-old Korean male presented with weakness in both legs that had progressed to both arms. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain revealed multiple, variable-sized ring-enhancing lesions with surrounding edema in the cerebral hemispheres and brain stem. Stereotactic biopsy revealed bradyzoites of Toxoplasma gondii in the brain tissue. The patient received trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, followed by pyrimethamine and sulfadiazine, accompanying treatment for progressive multiple myeloma. Cerebral toxoplasmosis should be considered as one of the differential diagnoses in patients with neurologic signs following autologous HSCT.

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