Salmonella are motile, gram-negative, non-spore-forming members of the family Enterobacteriaceae. Among nontyphoid Salmonella serotypes, Salmonella choleraesuis shows a high predilection to cause systemic infections in humans. Thoracic infection is a rare complication of Salmonella infection. So far, most of reported cases of empyema caused by Salmonella spp. have involved immunocompromised patients. Herein, as we had experienced one case of thoracic empyema due to Salmonella choleraesuis related thymoma, we report it with review of literature.