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Infect Chemother. 2005 Feb;37(1):22-28. Korean. Original Article.
Shin KS , Lee J , Kim BC .
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Chungbuk National University College of Medicine, Cheongju, Korea.
Department of Microbiology, Dankook University, Cheonan, Korea.
Department of Pediatrics, College of Medicine, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND: The dissemination of metallo-beta-lactamase (MBL) producing gram-negative bacilli is of great concern because MBL can hydrolyze carbapenem. We report herein the infection by VIM-2 type MBL producing Achromobacter xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For seven A. xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans with reduced imipenem susceptibility, the detection for MBL was performed using EDTA double disk synergy test (EDTA- DDS) and the PCR for IMP-1, VIM-1 and VIM-2 genes. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) of MBL producers were determined by microbroth dilution methods. The DNA fingerprinting analysis was performed by random amplified polymorphic DNA. RESULTS: All seven isolates were MBL producers when tested with EDTA-DDS test and these isolates were VIM-2 type confirmed by the PCR and DNA sequencing analysis. The MIC against imipenem ranged from 16 to 32 microgram/mL in these isolates. The DNA fingerprints of these isolates were identical. CONCLUSION: A. xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans manifest resistance against imipenem by acquisition of VIM-2 type MBL. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the VIM-2 type MBL producing A. xylosoxidans subsp. xylosoxidans.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.