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Epidemiol Health. 2018;40(1):e2018002. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.4178/epih.e2018002
Hong S , Kim S , Suh M , Park B , Choi KS , Jun JK .
National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea. jkjun@ncc.re.kr
Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Korea.
Abstract

OBJECTIVES

Through a survey on perception of lung cancer screening and accompanying medical radiation exposure in Korea, the present study was to investigate its current situations and evaluate various perception of physicians regarding it in order to propose measures for improvements.

METHODS

Medical specialists in national cancer screening institutions selected through stratified random sampling were subjected to face-to-face interview using a structured questionnaire. We investigated physicians' perception on effectiveness of lung cancer screening depending on screening modality, selection criteria for subjects of screening, types of equipment used to screen, and perception for seriousness of adverse effects following the test. In addition, odds ratios to underestimate risk of radiation exposure from screening were calculated through logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS

Each response that chest X-ray is effective for lung cancer screening and that smoking history is not considered prior to screening recommendation accounted for more than 60% of respondents, suggesting the chance of unnecessary screening tests. Regarding adverse effects of lung cancer screening, about 85% of respondents replied that false positive, radiation exposure, and overdiagnosis could be ignored. About 70% of respondents underestimated radiation dose from lung cancer screening, and a low proportion of physicians informed patients of radiation exposure risk.

CONCLUSIONS

It was found that most physicians underestimated harms of lung cancer screening including radiation exposure and were lack of awareness regarding lung cancer screening. It should be noted that physicians need to have proper perceptions about screening recommendation and accompanying possible harms, for successful implementation of the screening program.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.