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Korean J Hematol. 2011 Mar;46(1):36-40. English. Original Article.
Huh JY , Yi DY , Hwang SG , Choi JJ , Kang MS .
Department of Laboratory Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, Seongnam, Korea.
Department of Internal Medicine, CHA Bundang Medical Center, Seongnam, Korea.
Department of Laboratory Medicine, CHA Kangnam Medical Center, Seoul, Korea.

BACKGROUND: Many infections are associated with antiphospholipid antibodies (aPLs). The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence, persistence, clinical significance, and characteristics of aPLs in hepatitis B virus (HBV)-infected patients. METHODS: This study included 143 patients with HBV infection and 32 healthy individuals as controls. The presence of anticardiolipin antibodies (aCL Ab), anti-beta2-glycoprotein I antibodies (beta2GPI Ab), and lupus anticoagulant (LA) was assessed. RESULTS: The total prevalence of aPLs in HBV-infected patients was 12.6% (18 of 143). Of these 18 patients, 15 had low to medium titers of aCL Ab (10 with IgM, 4 with IgG, and 1 with both isotypes). beta2GPI Ab and LA were detected in 3 (2.1%) and 2 (1.4%) patients with HBV infection, respectively. In follow-up specimens from 14 patients with elevated levels of aCL Ab or beta2GPI Ab, 10 (71.4%) showed the persistent presence of aPLs. No clinical manifestations related to aPLs were identified. CONCLUSION: In HBV-infected patients, the most frequently detected antiphospholipid antibodies were IgM aCL Ab, which have a weak association with the clinical manifestations of APS. Unlike the transient presence reported for other infection-associated aPLs, most aPLs were persistently detected over a 12-week period in patients with HBV infection.

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