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Korean J Hematol. 1999 May;34(2):196-206. Korean. Original Article.
Park MR , Chung IJ , Byun JR , Kwon SY , Choi KS , Na JA , Lee JJ , Kim HJ , Park CS .
Department of Internal Medicine, Chonnam University Medical School, Kwangju, Korea.
Department of Pathology, Chonnam University Medical School, Kwangju, Korea.
The Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Chonnam University Hospital, Kwangju, Korea.

BACKGROUND: Deregulated bcl-2 appears to prolong cell survival and to cooperative with c-myc in promoting cell proliferation. We investigated whether there is any clinicopathologic correlation between the survival and the frequency of bcl-2/JH rearrangement and bcl-2, c-myc protein expression in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS: We conducted a study for bcl-2 mbr/JH rearrangement with polymerase chain reaction and for bcl-2, c-myc expression with immunohistochemical staining in 46 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded non-Hodgkin's lymphoma tissues of patients treated with CHOP chemotherapy including 37 specimens of diffuse large cell type. RESULTS: The bcl-2 mbr/JH rearrangement was positive in 13% (6/46) of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma specimens. For bcl-2, strong positive reaction (3+) and 2+ positive reaction were seen in 16 (35%) and 16 cases (35%), respectively; while 3+ and 2+ reactions were found in 20 (44%) and 16 cases (35%), respectively, for c-myc by immunohistochemistry. Eighty one percent of positive cases for bcl-2 were also positive for c-myc simultaneously. The 6 cases with bcl-2 mbr/JH rearrangement were weakly positive at 3 cases and strong positive at 3 cases for bcl-2 by staining. In cases of diffuse large cell lymphoma, high expression (3+) of bcl-2 & c-myc protein tended to have a shorter 2 year survival, though it was statistically not significant. CONCLUSION: High expression of bcl-2 and c-myc protein suggest that bcl-2 cooperate with c-myc in tumorigenesis of aggressive non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The prognostic implication of bcl-2 and c-myc expression in diffuse large cell lymphoma patients needs to be evaluated in a larger, prospective cohort to draw a definitive conclusion.

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