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J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg. 2019 Apr;45(2):108-115. English. Original Article. https://doi.org/10.5125/jkaoms.2019.45.2.108
Şahin O , Odabaşı O , Aliyev T , Tatar B .
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, İzmir Katip Çelebi University, İzmir, Turkey. onursahin43@hotmail.com
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt University, Ankara, Turkey.
Abstract

Objectives

Medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) is a well-known side effect of certain drugs that are used to influence bone metabolism to treat osteometabolic disease or cancers. The purpose of our study was to investigate how high-concentration and low-concentration bisphosphonate (BP) intake affects the disease severity.

Materials and Methods

Data collected from the medical records of 52 patients treated with BPs, antiresorptive, antiangiogenic drugs and diagnosed with MRONJ were included in this study. Age, sex, type of systemic disease, type of drug, duration of drug treatment, jaw area with MRONJ, drug administration protocol, and MRONJ clinical and radiological findings were obtained. Patients were divided into two groups: anti-neoplastic (Group I, n=23) and anti-osteoporotic (Group II, n=29). Statistical evaluations were performed using the IBM SPSS ver. 21.0 program.

Results

In both groups, more females had MRONJ. MRONJ was found in the mandibles of 30 patients (Group I, n=14; Group II, n=16). When we classified patients according to the American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons staging system, significant differences were seen between groups (χ²=12.23, P<0.01). More patients with advanced stage (stage 2–3) MRONJ were found in Group I (60.9%).

Conclusion

According to our results, high-concentration BP intake, age and duration of drug intake increased disease severity.

Copyright © 2019. Korean Association of Medical Journal Editors.